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Legalizing documents

A public document destined for use in another country should have its authenticity certified in a way that is acknowledged internationally. For this the document needs to be legalised or certified with an apostille certificate, if an international agreement does not foresee otherwise.

A public document of the Republic of Moldova

If a document is intended for use in a foreign country which has joined the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Documents of 5 October 1961, its authenticity should be certified with an Apostille by the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Moldova. The document bearing an Apostille is valid for submission in the institutions of the relevant country and is not subject to any other confirmation.

If a document is intended for use in a foreign country which has not acceded to the Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Documents or with whom the Republic of Moldova has not concluded a legal assistance agreement, it must be first legalised by the Directorate of Consular Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the Republic of Moldova and then by the diplomatic or consular mission of the relevant country.

If a document is intended for use in Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Romania, Slovakia and in CIS member countries (Commonwealth of Independent States), public institutions of these countries have to accept without legalization the public documents issued in the Republic of Moldova, because the Republic of Moldova applies bilateral or multilateral agreements with this states, which provides for a reciprocal exemption from the requirement of legalization.

A public document of a foreign country

If a foreign document is intended for use in the Republic of Moldova, it must be first legalised by the foreign ministry or the foreign mission of the country where the document has been issued, and thereafter by diplomatic or consular mission of the Republic of Moldova in the relevant country or by the Directorate of Consular Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the Republic of Moldova.

Legalisation can be performed only in case of an original document or a notarised copy, which contains the signature, first name and surname as well as the position of the person who signed it, and also the original seal of the authority that has issued the document.

List of countries and documents recognition procedures

The following list includes the countries for which bilateral and multilateral treaties on mutual recognition of official documents apply. These treaties relate to recognition of documents issued by the authorities of these countries to be used in Moldova, and respectively of documents issued by Moldovan authorities to be used in these countries.

The documents issued by the authorities of the countries not listed below and the documents issued by Moldovan authorities to be used in those countries are recognized only after consular legalization.

Last update: February 2, 2017


No

Country 
(common name)

The documents are recognised without any legalisation or Apostille in accordance with existing treaties

The documents are recognised with an Apostille provided in accordance with the Hague Convention of 5 October 1961

1

Albania

2

Andorra

3

Antigua and Barbuda

4

Argentina

5

Armenia

13

1

6

Australia

7

Austria

8

Azerbaidjan

4, 13

1

9

Bahamas

10

Bahrain

11

Barbados

12

Belarus

13

1

13

Belgium

14

Belize

15

Bosnia and Herzegovina

16

Botswana

17

Brazil

18

Brunei Darussalam

19

Bulgaria

20

Burundi

21

Cape Verde

22

Chile

23

China

3

24

Colombia

25

Cook Islands

26

Costa Rica

27

Croatia

28

Cyprus

29

Czech Republic

5

1

30

Denmark

31

Dominica

32

Dominican Republic

33

Ecuador

34

El Salvador

35

Estonia

36

Fiji

37

Finland

38

France

39

Georgia

13

1

40

Germany

2

41

Greece

42

Grenada

43

Guatemala

■ from 18.09.2017

44

Honduras

45

Hungary

6

1

46

Iceland

47

India

48

Ireland

49

Israel

50

Italy

51

Japan

52

Kazahstan

13

1

53

Korea Republic

54

Kyrgyzstan

13

1

55

Latvia

7

1

56

Lesotho

57

Liberia

58

Liechtenstein

59

Lithuania

8

1

60

Luxemburg

61

Macedonia

62

Malawi

63

Malta

64

Marshall Islands

65

Mauritius

66

Mexico

67

Monaco

68

Mongolia

69

Montenegro

70

Morocco

71

Namibia

72

Netherlands

73

New Zeeland

74

Nicaragua

75

Niue

76

Norway

77

Oman

78

Panama

79

Paraguay

80

Peru

81

Poland

82

Portugal

83

Romania

9

1

84

Russia

1013

1

85

Saint Kitts and Nevis

86

Saint Lucia

87

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

88

Samoa

89

San Marino

90

Sao Tome and Principe

91

Serbia

92

Seychelles

93

Slovakia

11

1

94

Slovenia

95

South Africa

96

Spain

97

Suriname

98

Swaziland

99

Sweden

100

Switzerland

101

Tajikistan

13

1

102

Tonga

103

Trinidad and Tobago

104

Turkey

105

Turkmenistan

13

106

Ukraine

1213

1

107

United Kingdom

108

Uruguay

109

USA

110

Uzbekistan

13

1

111

Vanuatu

112

Venezuela

 

Legend: ■ – is applicable; □ – is not applicable (see Note 1 and 2) or applicable to certain territories (see Note 3).

Notes:

1 In accordance with Art. 8 of the Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents (in force for the Republic of Moldova from 16.03.2007), When a treaty, convention or agreement between two or more Contracting States contains provisions which subject the certification of a signature, seal or stamp to certain formalities, the present Convention will only override such provisions if those formalities are more rigorous than the formality referred to in this Convention.
http://www.hcch.net/

2 Until the withdrawal of the objection raised by Germany to the accession of the Republic of Moldova to the Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents, this Convention will not be applicable in relations between the Republic of Moldova and Federal Republic of Germany.
http://www.hcch.net/

3 The Hague Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documentsapplies only to the following Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China: Hong Kong and Macao.
http://www.hcch.net/

4 The legalisation between Moldova and Azerbaijan is abolished in accordance with Article 13 paragraph 1 of the Treaty between the Republic of Moldova an the Republic of Azerbaijan on legal assistance and legal relations in civil, family and criminal matters, concluded in Baku on 26.10.2004, in force from 12.02.2005.

5 The legalisation between Moldova and the Czech Republic is abolished in accordance with Article 11 paragraph 1 of the Treaty between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic on mutual legal assistance and legal relations in civil, family and criminal matters, concluded in Moscow on 12.08.1982, in force between Moldova and the Czech Republic by succession from 26.08.2005.

6 The legalisation between Moldova and Hungary is abolished in accordance with Article 14 paragraph 1 of the Treaty between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Hungarian Popular Republic on mutual legal assistance in civil, family and criminal matters, concluded in Moscow on 15.07.1958, in force between Moldova and Hungary by succession from 19.10.2007.

7 The legalisation between Moldova and Latvia is abolished in accordance with Article 13 paragraph 1 of the Treaty between the Republic of Moldova and the Republic of Latvia on legal assistance and legal relations in civil, family and criminal matters, concluded in Riga on 14.04.1993, in force from 18.06.1996.

8 The legalisation between Moldova and Lithuania is abolished in accordance with Article 13 paragraph 1 of the Treaty between the Republic of Moldova and the Republic of Lithuania on legal assistance in civil, family and criminal matters, concluded in Chisinau on 09.02.1993, in force from 18.02.1995.

9 The legalisation between Moldova and Romania is abolished in accordance with Article 13 paragraph 1 of the Treaty between the Republic of Moldova and Romania on legal assistance in civil, family and criminal matters, concluded in Chisinau on 06.07.1996, in force from 20.03.1998.

10 The legalisation between Moldova and Russia is abolished in accordance with Article 13 paragraph 1 of the Treaty between the Republic of Moldova and the Russian Federation on legal assistance and legal relations in civil, family and criminal matters, concluded in Moscow on 25.02.1993, in force from 26.01.1995.

11 The legalisation between Moldova and Slovakia is abolished in accordance with Article 11 paragraph 1 of the Treaty between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic on mutual legal assistance and legal relations in civil, family and criminal matters, concluded in Moscow on 12.08.1982, in force between Moldova and Slovakia by succession from 26.05.2006.

12 The legalisation between Moldova and Ukraine is abolished in accordance with Article 15 paragraph 1 din Treaty between the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine on legal assistance and legal relations in civil and criminal matters, concluded in Kiev on 13.12.1993, in force from 24.04.1995.

13 The legalisation between Moldova with other CIS member countries and Georgia is abolished in accordance with Article 13 paragraph 1 of the Convention on legal assistance and legal relations in civil, family and criminal matters, concluded in Minsk on 22.01.1993. In force between Moldova and Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine from 26.03.1996, Azerbaijan, Georgia from 11.07.1996, Turkmenistan from 19.02.1998. 
http://cis.minsk.by/

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