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Cooperare multilaterală

Non-proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
  • Nuclear Non-proliferationTreaty (NPT)
  • www.disarmament.un.org
    www.un.org.

    The Treaty was opened for signature in 1968 and entered into force on 5 March 1970. In 1995, in the 5th Conference of the NPT evaluation, the validity term of the Treaty was extended for an indefinite period of time. Moldova has ratified the NPT on 14 April 1994.

  • The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)
  • www.ctbto.org

    The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) was ratified by the Republic of Moldova on 16 November 2006 and entered into force on 15. 02. 2007.

    With the signing of CTBT, the Republic of Moldova became a Member State of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization, which was established in accordance with Article II of the CTBT. The CTBTO activity consists in contributing to the achievement of the CTBT objectives by ensuring its implementation.

    Taking into account the vast field of activity of the CTBTO and the need to ensure operationallity of the Organization for CTBT coming into effect, in November 1996 was established the Preparatory Commission for the CTBTO. The activity of the Preparatory Commission consists in establishing an effective verification regime at global level to monitor the compliance with the CTBT provisions.

  • The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC) 
  • www.bmeia.gv.at

    The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC), previously known as the "International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Non-proliferation" (ICOC), was adopted at the International Conference of 25-26 November 2002 in The Hague. Currently 130 states subscribed to the HCOC including the Republic of Moldova. This Code is a supplement to the international regime to control ballistic missiles and is open for membership to any state.

  • Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction (BWC) 
  • www.disarmament.un.org
    www.un.org

    BWC came into force in 1975, being the first multilateral disarmament treaty to effectively prohibit the development, production, acquisition, transfer, preservation, stockpiling and use of biological and toxic weapons. This Treaty constitutes a key element of international efforts to counter weapons of mass destruction.

    Moldova joined the BWC on 5 November 2004, which entered into force for our country on 28 January 2005.

  • The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
  • www.opcw.org/

    Moldova ratified the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (CWC) on 19 July 1995 by the Parliament Decision No. 537-XIII of 19 July 1995, the instrument of ratification being deposited on 8 July 1996 at the General Secretariat of the UN. for Moldova, the Convention entered into force on 29 April 1997.

    In 1997 was created the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). As part of the CWC, Moldova became also a member of the OPCW.

  • The Security Initiative against Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (PSI) 
  • www.state.gov
    www.globalsecurity.org
    www.armscontrol.org
    www.middlepowers.org

    This initiative was launched in May 2003 in Krakow, Poland, by the U.S. President, George W. Bush. Moldova has supported from the outset this initiative, having the purpose to combat proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. In essence, the PSI countries have engaged to undertake effective actions to prohibit the transfer of weapons of mass destruction from / to countries or non-state actors involved in proliferation schemes, to carry out information exchange on suspicious activities and to undertake specific actions imposing prohibitions.

  • The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  • www.iaea.org

    The accession of the Republic of Moldova to the IAEA has been enshrined by the ratification of the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency on 14 August 1997. Moldova has ratified the Agreement with the IAEA on the application of safeguards in relation to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, On December 14, 2011 The Republic of Moldova signed the Additional Protocol to the Safeguard Agreement. It is worth to be mentioned that the Republic of Moldova joined majority of the IAEA Conventions, that have the main objective improving national capabilities to combat the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Thereupon on May 16, 2006 was approved the law nr. 111 on safe deployment of nuclear and radiological activities, through which the National Agency for Regulation of Nuclear and Radiological Activities was established.

    The cooperation of the Republic of Moldova with the IAEA contributes to the preparation of our country’s specialists in the fields of Agency’s competence, as well as increases our capabilities to detect and combat the smuggling of nuclear and radiological material. Beneficiaries of technical assistance from the IAEA are central and local public institutions working in the fields of radiation protection, security of radiological sources, monitoring the environmental pollution with radionuclide, monitoring the dams, effective response in cases of exceptional circumstances, transfer and implementation of nuclear technology in the sphere of medicine, ecology, etc.

  • Countering the illicit trafic of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) 
  • www.unicri.it

    The Republic of Moldova is a member to South-East Europe, Caucasus and Ukraine Center of Excellence Initiative, responsible for the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) Governance implementation. This project has as Partners the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), the Joint Research Centre (JRC) as a Directorate General of the European Commission, IAEA, the OPCW, BWC ISU, WCO, INTERPOL, EUROPOL and the SECI Center.

    The European Commission contributed with 100 million Euros to EU CoE, which would be used for the execution of projects related to the promotion of a culture of safety and security on various issues, such as: export control, illicit trafficking/illicit financing, engaging the scientists, bio safety/security, nuclear safety/security, and CBRN waste management. The activities of both, National CBRN Teams and CoE would be supported by a Regional Secretariat located in Tbilisi.

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